Introduction to power system stability problems
Definition of stability, classification of stability, Rotor angle stability, frequency stability, voltage stability, mid-term and long-term stability, classical representation of synchronous machine in a single machine infinite bus system (SMIB), equal area criterion to asses stability of a SMIB system, limitations of classical model of synchronous machines.
Modeling of power system components for stability analysis
Synchronous machine modeling: sub-transient model, two axis model, one axis (flux decay) model, classical model. Excitation systems modeling: DC excitation, AC excitation and static excitation. Prime mover and energy supply systems modeling. Transmission line modeling, load modeling. Methods of representing synchronous machines in stability analysis.
Small signal stability
Fundamental concepts, state space representation, Modal analysis: eigen properties, participation factors, stability assessment. Effects of excitation system on stability, power system stabilizer and its design, Angle and voltage stability of multi-machine power systems and phenomenon of sub synchronous resonance.
Fundamentals of transient stability, numerical solutions: simultaneous implicit and partitioned explicit methods, simulation of dynamic response, analysis of unbalanced faults, direct method of transient stability, transient energy function method, Methods of improving transient stability.
Classification of voltage stability, modeling requirements, voltage stability analysis: static and dynamic, sensitivity analysis, modal analysis, voltage collapse, prevention of voltage collapse